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The Centenial Anniversary of The Royal Forest Department Celebrations Commemorative Stamps
14.5 x 14
3.00 Baht, 6.00 Baht , 7.00 Baht , 9.00 Baht
Centenary of the Royal Forest Department
In former times the forest areas in Thailand were extensive. However, the forest industry developed and took large quantities of wood from the forests. The rich condition of the forests then deteriorated because there was no law protecting the forests from the early loggers. The government then realized the necessity of protecting our teak forests and to control forest industry more closely to prevent forestd from deteriorating to the point where they could not be improved later. H.R.H. Prince Damrong Rajanubharb, the Interior Minister then, suggested to King Rama V that His Majesty find a knowledgeable person in this field for the technical administration of the country's forests. Upon royal permission, the prince contacted the Indian goverment for the temporary hiring of Mr. H.A. Slade, a forestry expert then in Burma, to lay the foundation for development of forestry in Siam, in January, 1895. Mr. Slade recommended the establishment of a goverment agency to be in charge of all aspects of forestry activities: e.g. controlling all forest areas, setting plans for protection and revival of forests, controlling the export of wood and the raising of revenue from timber.
King Rama V had the Department of Forestry established on 18 September 1896 and affiliated it under the Ministry of the Interior, Mr. H.A. Slade was Thailand's first director. The office was in Chiang Mai until 1910 when it was moved to Bangkok to the Jury Hall within the walls of the Ministry of the Interior. In 1921 the Department of Forestry was transferred to be affiliated under the Ministry of Agriculture. The physical location of the department changed several times, until its present location since 1956, on Phaholyothin Road, Bang Khen.
Our forests are an indispensable natural resource which are closely related to other kinds of resources; for example, soil, water, wildlife and human existance. Therefore, if the forests are healthy and unspoiled they will be of immeasurable use, either directly or indirectly, both to mankind and flora and fauna.
On the occasion of the 100th Anniversary of the Department of Forestry, we work to help to keep and preserve the forest in its natural condition for the good of future use.
Forests in Thailand can be catagorized according to geographic and climatic features follows:
3 Baht Design: The Tropical Rain Forest is common in every region of the country, but mostly found in the south and the east, in Rayong, Chanthaburi and Trat, due to heavy rainfall and high degree of humidity. In other regions the tropical rain forest is widespread in the areas of high humidity, such as, rivers, streams, backwater or other water sources, valleys and mountains. These forests are evergreen and filled with hundreds of plant species - from large, medium to small sizes, almost all of which are non-deciduous. Important, and of economic value, plants are Hevea branziliensis, Hopen, Dipteracarpaceae, Cotylelobium, etc.
6 Baht Design: The Hill Evergreen Forest is found 1,000 metres above sea level and has a cold climate with high degree of humidity all year round. There moss and ferns densely cover the ground. These beautiful forests include : Phu Luang and Phu Kradung in Loei, Khao Yai in Nakhon Nayok, and Khao Luang forest in Nakhon Si Thammarat. These forests are also home to many varieties of wildlife and are a main contributing factor in the conservation of water sources. The majority of plant species belong to the Lithocarpus family like Castanopsis acuminatissima, diversifofia, cerebrina, and argentea. There are also Betula alnoids, Magnoliaceae, Podocarpus nerrifolius, Mountain pine, and Rhododendron.
7 Baht Design: The Swamp Forest is found in areas covered with fresh water all through the year. The ground is of layers of humus, approximately 50-200 centimetres thick. The water in the forest comes from rain which later covers the whole area, as there is no water outlet. Most of these areas are soft mud caused by the accumulation of alluvial soil. The soil has high acidity levels. The majority of plant species in the forest grow with twisted roots partly above the ground. Plant species vary according to geographical features. For example, in the swampy forest in Narathivas there are cinnamon, wild mango, Koompassia malaccensis, and varieties of rattan, etc. The swampy forests found on high mountains include Pru Angkha on Doi Intanon in Chiang Mai, and on Phu Kradung in Loei. The biggest swampy forest in Thailand is in Narathiwat.
9 Baht Design: The Mangrove Forest is deciduous and dense. The plants have twisted roots growing partly above the ground to help either support th trunk or breath, according to each species. This kind of forest is found in areas of soft mud by the sea or near a big delta where sea water enters. These forests are found by the seashore in every province in the east, but mostly near the delta of the Rivers Velu in Amphoe Khlung of Chanthaburi. In the south they are found on both sides of the coast. The plant species common in the mangrove forests are of small size. They are used in charcoal or firewood making. The important species are Mangrove, Bruguiera sexangula, Cow pea, Ceriops, Olive mangrove, Sonneratia caseolaris and alba, etc.
27 x 45 mm
Thai British Security Printing Public Company Limited, Thailand